Wednesday, November 12, 2014

Pleonasm-Excerpted from the book Arranged & Deranged Wit to be published in 2015

We are totally surrounded (on all sides) by redundancies.


Howard Richler

I first became aware of a penchant for political verbal diarrhea back in 1993. CBC journalist Hana Gartner was interviewing then Prime Minister of Canada Jean Chrétien who asserted that he was respected by most Quebecers, and that it was only the “intellectual intelligentsia” who disparaged him.

Chrétien was following in the flowing tradition exemplified by fellow politicians. President Calvin Coolidge once opined that “When large numbers of men are unable to find work, unemployment results.” The man who provided impeachment insurance for George Herbert Bush, former Vice President Dan Quayle, said in a 1988 speech, “I got through a number of things in the area of defense, like showing the importance of cruise missiles and getting them more accurate so that we can have precise precision.” In 2012, Brian Pallister, leader of tbe Progressive Conservative party in Manitoba, expressed his hope that “Everyone will enjoy themselves this holiday season, even you infidel atheists.”

These are some of the more egregious examples of redundant language but yea, we are not drowning in a bog of unnecessary words, but in a veritable swampland. Why can't things be merely null, why do they have to be void as well? If I look in every nook, must I explore every cranny? Must I desist when I cease, abet when I aid, choose when I pick and rave when I rant? Can't I just cease, aid, pick and rant? When we talk about “complete anihilation,” “frozen tundra,” “close proximity,” and a “woman pregnant with child,” I ponder, what are the alternatives?

Have you ever seen a young geezer, a cold water heater, a non-tuna fish, a non-living survivor, or a non-lazy bum? I've smelled, with my own nose, different bouquets but the only type I've ever seen, with my own eyes, is the flowery variety.

Am I paranoid, or is there some secret of time only I can't intuit? Samuel Goldwyn said, “I never make predictions, especially about the future” and the hoi polloi are constantly referring to “future plans,” and “advance warning.” This implies there are alternatives like past plans and a past future.The past is equally beguiling. Why do we specify “past experience” and “never before”? Aren't all experiences “past”? Why does “before” have to be added to “never”? Is there a hidden quantum dimension called the “never after” waiting to be unearthed by string theory? I worry when someone tells me the “honest truth,” or gives me a “garden salad” to eat, or something “100 per cent pure” to drink. Does that mean that if they only tell me the truth or ply me with a mere salad or a beverage that's only 99.99 per cent pure that I'm in “serious danger”? Do I overaxaggerate? Please R.S.V.P so I can overcome my state of uneasy anxiety.

Mercifully, it takes but a single word to describe verbal redundancy. The term is “pleonasm” defined by the OED as “the use of more words in a sentence than are necessary to express the meaning.” It derived from the Latin pleonasmus which, in turn,

came from the Greek pleonasmos (more-ness). Antony's line in Julius Caesar, “the most unkindest cut of all,” is an example of a pleonasm done for effect, as is the biblical “I am that I am.” In any case, after what happened to Lot's wife, Moses was probably

squeamish about accusing the Burning Bush of redundancy.

Most pleonasms, however, are not so stylish and only denote poor form. “Could you repeat that again?” is an example of a commonly used pleonasm. A redundancy can be avoided by just saying either,“Could you repeat that?” Don't say “each and every” and “at this point in time” when “every” and “at this time” suffice, nor say “she is a woman who” when “she is” will do, or use “if and when” when only “if” is required.

Perhaps I'm just an unprogressive conservative who pines for the halcyon days when you didn’t need to qualify that a gift was free, a victim innocent, a record new, and scholarship academic. In the past, one didn't have to specify strictly private or natural grass. Then again, some pleonasms like “cash money” and “disposable garbage” have evolved into possible states of non-redundancy. Some might say that in the past “heterosexual sex” was pleonastic. Unfortunately, a former pleonasm,“healthy tan,” has mutated into an oxymoronic state in our ozone-depleted world.

So, who is to blame? As I live and breathe, I think I can pinpoint the party responsible for our modern orgy of redundancy. To paraphrase Zola, J'accuse Raid Bug Repellant. They unveiled the slogan “Raid kills bugs dead” in 1966. To keep pace with

this linguistic overkill, other advertisements stressed products that were “new innovations,” and “very unique.” McDonald's isn't content to sell billions of hamburgers but “billions and billions.” and Soft Soap Body Wash doesn’t merely make you “clean,” you become “more than just clean.” And don't think the pleonastic process only flows towards aggrandizement. Isn't a dot miniscule enough? Must we endure microdots?

N.B. (Making a duplicate copy in any shape or form without my express, intended permission, and authorization is totally and utterly allowed, and indeed more preferable than alternative options.)

Excerpted from Howard's upcoming book Arranged & Deranged Wit.

Saturday, October 11, 2014

Facebook Word Puzzles-801-850


801-Name word of at least 11 letters where all the letters only appear in the first half of the alphabet.

802-Discern the convergent words: a)mock-wing-feed apple-chart-crust old-trade-cabinet

803-What do these words have in common? peony-paean-panic

804-Discern the convergent words: a)good-gun-cow b)dis-movement-irritable c)white-down-baby

805-What do these words have in common? though-caked-badly

806-Discern the convergent words: a)story-of-star b)ere-do-stalag c)bet-gun-on

807-Name a 2 word anagrammatic phrase that refers to stickier sultanates

808-Discern the convergent words: a)walker-hawk-blue b)bar-Indian-eat- b)she-cheese-milk

809-Name a 2 word palindromic phrase that refers to a superintendent selector

810-Discern the convergent words: a)ball-water-winter b)fat-garden-soup c)golden-red-sugar

811-What do these words have in common? pedigree-helicopter-halcyon-alcatraz

812-Discern the convergent words: a)fish-raw-tooth b)pie-face-soda c)salad-shell-stand

813-What do these words have in common ? vindaloo-grouper-marmalade

814-Discern the convergent words: a)ire-halt-irate b)basket-skin-spiny c)clothes-brass-shoe

815-Name a 2 word palindromic phrase that refers to a sharp editorial turn at a newspaper

816-Discern the convergent words: a)up-ball-nut b)apple-potato-rice c)lemon-racket-winter

817-What do these words have in common? trace-counting-stile-fried-cowed

818-Discern the convergent words: a)fountain-long-shower b)river-street-water c)rest-under-speed

819-What do these words have in common? bunk(nonsense sense ) -sherry -cantaloupe

820-Discern the convergent words: a)French-high-tar b)sandwich-head-white c)bone-deep-sprain

821-Name a 2 word palindromic phrase that refers to an early week go-getter

822-Discern the convergent words: a)panty-rubber-water b)tory-bicycle-boxer c)green-pea-rain

823-What do these words have in common? emirate-neater-host

824-Discern the convergent words: a)can-great-copy b)dirt-pile-star c)pot-cat-corner

825-What do these words have in common? pander-mentor-hector

826-Discern the convergent words: a)tail-tale-cold b)flicker-pit-bane c)ride-show-work

827-Name a 2 word palindromic phrase that refers to a place where you might find a collection of slimy creatures

828-Discern the convergent words: a)flour-flower-a b)lemon-racket-winter c)eater-head-patch

829-Name a 2 word anagrammatic phrase that refers to a nice unexpected bonus given to a customer

830-Discern the convergent words: a)blouse-girl-shvitzer b)sun-ad-age c)eye-has-hop

831-What do these words have in common? jerky(the food)-lagniappe-puma

832-Discern the convergent words: a)soap-tea-tin- b)blond-fields-pink c)bone-red-schmaltz

833-What do these words have in common? fat-aura-buck

834-Discern the convergent words: a)aAlanta-ford-peregrine b)catcher-town-she c)rink-bag-catcher

835-Name a 2 word anagrammatic phrase that refers to pure deceivers

836-Discern the convergent words: a)out-bypass-lining b)winter-leg-free c)line-wax-atoll

837-What do these words have in common? celebrity-garbage-robust

838-Discern the convergent words: a)bled-part-bling b)jay-winter-black c)ant-navy-elephant

839- Which word doesn't belong in this grouping? posh-radar-snafu-Hamas

840-Discern the convergent words: a)sky-spree-wood b)skin-snow-spot c)clay-dropping-hole

841- Name a 2 word palindromic phrase that means too late to turn back now

842--Discern the convergent words a)dog-land-over b)save-down-value c)eye-bruised-kid

843--Name a 2 word anagrammatic phrase that could refer to Evian in the Emirates (one of the words is an initialism)

844-Discern the convergent words a)in-sex-pat c)pea-game-as c)do-comeback-dies

845- Name a 2 word palindromic phrase that could be a directive to shell the Mafia

846--Discern the convergent words a)a-on-be b)dropping-lock-moose c)monitor-sweet-failure

847-What do these words have in common? skosh-futon-tycoon

848--Discern the convergent words a)coal-ring-scorch b)soap-plunged-love c)dragon-green-lounge

849- What do these words have in common? narcs-clement-scrape

850--Discern the convergent words a)middle-sing-eye b)china-ham-bare c)hare-tree-hind

Friday, October 3, 2014

Words from the Torah

A Secular Celebration of the Torah


Howard Richler

At sundown on October 16th, observant Jews will be celebrating Simchat Torah, “rejoicing in the Torah,” as this marks the end of the annual cycle of reading the Torah. During this holiday, the last section of Deuteronomy and the first section of Genesis are read in succession after a festival parade of the Torah scrolls embellished with singing and dancing. For secular Jews such as myself, or non-Jews, who feel left out of this celebration, we can take solace that as English speakers we're able to rejoice in the many words and phrases that the five books of the Torah (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy) have contributed to the English vernacular.

Mostly, these words and expressions found their way into English through translations of the Torah, such as the King James Bible (KJB).

Take the word “jubilee.” While a jubilee might be an occasion for an English queen to be jubilant (as in the 2012 “Queen's Diamond Jubilee”) celebrating the 60th anniversary of Elizabeth II ascension), the word bears no etymological ode to joy. The first definition of this word in the OED is “A year of emancipation and restoration, which according to Leviticus 25 was to be kept every fifty years, and to be proclaimed by the blast of trumpets.. ; during it the fields were to be left uncultivated, Hebrew slaves were to be set free, and lands and houses in the open country.. that had been sold were to revert to their former owners or their heirs.” This august year takes its name from the Hebrew word yobhel, “ram’s horn,” which was used to proclaim the advent of this event. The word “jubilee” is first used in John Wycliffe’s 1382 translation of the Bible: “Thow shalt halowe the fyftith yeer.. he is forsothe the iubilee.” Chaucer was the first person to use the word without its religious context and by the late 16th century its secular sense became the dominant meaning.

Scapegoat” is another word first found in Leviticus and once again its progenitor is Wycliffe who renders Leviticus 16 as “And Aaron cast lottes ouer the.. gootes: one lotte for the Lorde, and another for a scapegoote.” Most people think of a scapegoat as an innocent person or group that bears the blame for others and suffers a punishment in their stead. However, in the biblical ritual of the Day of Atonement a scapegoat referred to one of two goats that was sent alive into the wilderness. The sins of the people had been symbolically laid upon this “escaped” goat, while the other goat was sacrificed to God. So, I suppose, in the original sense, being a scapegoat was better for your well-being than the alternative.

The OED defines the word “tithe” as “the tenth part of the annual produce of agriculture being a due or payment for the support of the priesthood..specifically applied to that ordained by Mosaic law.” Tithing is mentioned in many places in Scripture, such as Leviticus 27:30, and aside from support for the priesthood and the Temple, it was also used as a form of tax collection for secular purposes.

Also, our vocabulary has been enriched by several colourful expressions found in the five Books of Moses. These include: “brother's keeper,” (Genesis 4:9), “land of milk and honey”(Exodus 3:8), “an eye for an eye” (Exodus 21:23-27), and “fat of the land” (Genesis 45:18)

Actually, there are several words and phrases thought to have a biblical provenance that, in fact, do not. Such is the case of “helpmate.” We read in Genesis 2:18, in the KJB, “God, having created man, observed, 'It is not good thar the man should be alone, I will make him an help meet for him' ”, i.e, a “suitable help.” Hearing “help meet” pronounced, by the end of the 17th century churchgoers rendered the term as help-meet and by the the 18th century this hyphenated term transmogrified into “helpmate.” Another Genesis term whose meaning has been misconstrued is “mark of Cain.” We think of this phrase to signify a murderer just as the letter A denoted an adulterer in Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter. However, when God puts a “mark upon Cain” it is placed so that Cain will be labelled so that others would know not be punish him further.

One of the best-known supposedlymbiblical expressions is “forbidden fruit,” but in Genesis 2 and Genesis 3 Adam and Eve are only instructed not to partake of the fruit of “the tree of knowledge of good and evil.” According to the OED, “forbidden fruit” is first used in Edward Stillingfleet's 1662 Origines Sacræ: He required from him the observance..of not eating..the forbidden fruit.” Also, surprisingly, not found in Scripture is the expression “promised land” as this phrase was first used in Thomas Norton's translation of Calvin's Instutio Christianae Religionis written in 1561.

N.B. This article is aimed for all readers; those who “walk with God” (Deuteronomy 10:12) or those, like me who are closer to worship of “the golden calf” (Exodus 32:4)

Howard's next book Arranged & Deranged Language will be published in 2015.

Saturday, September 27, 2014


The Evolution of Business-Speak

The way we talk about work has changed a lot as the types of jobs that we perform and the spaces in which we do them have changed. Just as the modern office would be a foreign world to a factory worker from the early industrial revolution, or to a craftsperson with a home workshop from an even earlier age, so would the language we use in the workplace today sound like it came from another country.

Cogs in the Machine

Industry was booming in the early 20th century. Factories were built and assembly lines devised where workers could each focus on a single, specific task. Mechanization and scientific thinking were the keys to boosting productivity, and whole companies, and the people who worked for them, were often thought of in terms of the well-oiled machine, working together towards a single purpose. The language of business, shaped by scientifically driven managers like Frederick Winslow Taylor, began to focus on maximized efficiency, accuracy, and production.

Cells in the Organism

The vision of the workplace and its workers as a machine began to change in the 1920s, when the metaphors used about the workplace took on a more biological theme. People began to talk about it as a living organism, rather than a machine. This shift in language was coupled with a growing interest in the psychology of the workplace and initiatives at places like the Hawthorne Works to create an environment where workers would be happier and therefore more productive. Terms like alienation, absenteeism and turnover became common.

A Corporate Culture

Another shift took place after the Second World War, when there was an upsurge of interest in the sociology of the workplace. It coincided with many upheavals in the workplace, and in wider society, not only because of the direct effects of the war, but also because of the changing status of working women and the creation of massive new corporations created by the many mergers of the 1950s. Individual employees no longer had a close connection to the companies they worked for, and were unlikely ever to meet the people who ran them. Managers needed to find a way to keep workers loyal, satisfied, and productive. To do this, they created a way of speaking about work that we still use today.

The concept of organizational or corporate culture began to be used at this time in order to talk about the way people interacted with each other at work. The goal of theories developed at business schools like MIT was to create happier workers who would feel connected to their colleagues and employers, and who would therefore work harder, and language was often at the heart of the cultures that were being built. Influential consultants like Peter Drucker convinced companies to see their employees as valuable resources, and to value them as knowledge workers for what they knew not just what they made. Rather than focusing on coercing reluctant workers into doing their jobs, managers began to talk about self-motivated workers who could be trusted to do their best and who would be driven by their own self-actualization, a term popularized in the 1960s by Maslow. However, people were still being described as resources, and all of this talk about personal fulfillment was aimed at increasing productivity.

This hidden focus on productivity came back to the forefront of office-speak during the 1980s, when the influence of Wall Street, management consultants and business schools began to be felt throughout the business world. Business terms became more aggressive and economically focused, with ideas such as leveraging, optionality, and the value-add becoming common. The terms used to describe getting rid of staff also proliferated, ranging from simple terms such as letting people go to more opaque terms such as streamlining and increasing operational efficiency. The focus was often on managing human "resources" to maximise efficiency.

Working in a Computer

Although many of these terms remain familiar to workers and managers today, more recent changes in the workplace have also had an impact on the way we talk about work. The spread of technology had a particularly dramatic impact, leading to people talking about workplaces as computers, just as they had once spoken of them as machines or living creatures. Terms such as bandwidth, hack, and multitask have spread out from technological firms, and along with the language, there has been a shift in our working cultures.

The focus has shifted back towards individual fulfillment, promoting innovation, creativity and disruptive ideas over conformity and productivity. The language used to talk about work has become more emotional, with people discussing their vision, values, passion, and energy. This focus on creating people whose jobs are their passions has even led managers to begin using words that were once more closely associated with spiritual concerns. One of the most recent buzzwords to spread through the business world is mindfulness, which has made its way from meditation, through psychology and medicine, and into the workplace. Big companies like Google have introduced mindfulness and meditation into their offices, where it is promoted as the key to productivity, job satisfaction and creativity.

Self-actualization is back at the heart of management-speak, although the goal is still to create a productive business, just as it was in the 1920s and 1960s, when other terms were used to encourage workers to enjoy their jobs. This time, it has been assisted by the spread of social media and the greater mobility that people experience in their working lives, with many workers grasping on to the idea of seeking their passion and creating their own personal brand to promote. Business-speak is not just a tool used by managers to create happy, productive workers, but also by individuals who want to work the system to their own advantage.


1. PBS Biography of Frederick Winslow Taylor
2. Harvard Business School explores The Hawthorne Effect
3. MIT’s Theory X and Y and Organizational Development
4. Maslow’s Theory of Human Motivation
5. The Economist on Peter Drucker: Trusting the teacher in the grey-flannel suit
6. The New Yorker on Creativity Creep 

Tuesday, September 2, 2014

Scrabble Then & Now

Fans add a new word to Scrabble


Howard Richler

It was 1931, the height of the Great Depression, when American architect Alfred Butts joined the bulging ranks of the unemployed. There just weren't many buildings being erected, so Butts decided to construct something else – an adult game.

He called his game Lexico. It was played without a board and players received points based on the lengths of the words formed. One would receive bonus points by using less common letters, such as K or W, and very rare letters, like Q and Z would fetch you even greater points.

How did Butts do his computing in the pre-cyber era? He meticulously checked the frequency of letters on the front pages of the New York Times. He came up with a formula that consisted of 100 letters comprising 12 Es, nine each for the second-most-common letters A and I , and in decreasing frequency for other letters, down to one for, Z,X, Q, K, and J.

In 1938, the popularity of crossword puzzles gave Butts the idea of combining the letters with a playing board in which words could be joined as in crossword puzzles. Over the years, Butts's game was marketed under several other names. They included New Anagrams, Alph, Criss-Cross and Criss Crosswords – and finally the one that stuck in 1948: Scrabble.

Today, Scrabble is distributed in 121 countries and can be played in over twenty language versions. In other languages, the number of tiles of individual letters and the point total depend on lingual differences. For example, if you've ever enjoyed a meal consisting of zupa buraczkowa ( red beetroot soup) with kasza gryczana (buckwheat porridge), you probably won't be surprised to learn that in Polish Scrabble there are five Zs worth one point each. Some years ago I worked at a company of over 100 employees where I was the only person that had a W in his name explaining why W is worth ten points in French Scrabble.

Interestingly, Scrabble highlights differences in the English language or should I say English languages. For in North America, words are drawn from the Official Scrabble Players' Dictionary (OSPD) whereas in most of the rest of the world the official dictionary in SOWPODS. SOWPODS is a marriage of OSPD and OSW (Official Scrabble Words. In days of yore, North America used OSPD and the United Kingdom (UK) et al employed OSW. Then the UK decided to combine the lists and declare all those words acceptable. Since the resulting smorgasbord of titles OSPDOSW or OSWOSPD was a mouthful, the anagram SOWPODS was chosen. In any case the fusion that created SOWPODS leaves players who play under its rule over 80,000 more words than are available under the OSPD rubric.

This is not to say that OSPD has remained frozen. It was first published in 1978 and included words two to eight letters found in five official college dictionaries, and has been updated once or twice each decade. The last update occurred in 2005 adding approximately 4,000 words, such as 'qi,” a term from Chinese philosophy that refers to circulating life energy, the highly dubious “za”; a shortening probably coined by inarticulate pizza inhalers, the equally sketchy “al,” an East Indian tree and “oxid,” a variation of “oxide” were also deemed okay in this update. Incidentally, “ok” was not okay.

Also not okay are a series of words that were expunged from OSPD in the 1990s, such as the word “jew” used as a verb to mean “to haggle.” In toto, 170 words were deleted including “fart,” “jesuit,” “papist” and “redskin.” Many Scrabble players were incensed with this censorship and a compromise was reached: The official dictionary for home and school was censored but the “offensive” words were deemed acceptable for tournament play.

The company that makes Scrabble, Hasbro on March 12th of this year invited enthusiasts to nominate words via its Facebook page. Its announcements stated that thousands of new words will be added to OSPD such as “selfie” and “hashtag.” In an attempt to include the hoi polloi, Hasbro announced that fans had until March 28th to send in their nominations and that sixteen finalists would be unveiled on April 2nd before being narrowed down to a single word which was chosen and April 10th and added to the latest version of OSPD.

The “sweet sixteen” consisted of the following: “adorbs,” “bestie,” “bitcoin,” “booyah,” “emotypo,” “cosplay,” “ew,” “geocache,” “hangry,” “lifehack”, “luckbox,” “nowish,” “phlabet,” “retweet,” “woot,” and “zen.” Most commentators were betting that the eventual winner would be ew or zen but they weren't counting on the lobbying ability of aficianados of one of the words. Shortly after voting commenced, the Twitter feed implored its 56,000 followers: “Should 'geocache' count in Scrabble. Say heck yeah! Comment 'Geocache' on Hasbro's FB page.” Incidentally, geocache is a verb that means to seek items by means of a GPS device as part of a game.”

I was pleased that the interjection “ew” did not win as the official Scrabble rules already allows a plethora of them, such as, “ah,” “aw,” “eh,” “er,” “hm,” “mm,” “oh,” “oi,” “oy,” “sh,” “uh,” and “um.” When I play Scrabble I try to negotiate the the non-use of interjections.

Howard's latest book is How Happy Became Homosexual and other mysterious semantic shifts.

Friday, August 22, 2014

Facebook Puzzles- 751-800


751-What do these words have in common? coat-etude-tenon

752-Discern the convergent words: sweet-money-short animal-jack-nut milk-bar-chip

753-Name a 2 word anagrammatic phrase that means imagines skin of tarty dessert

754- Discern the convergent words: boy-ornament-robin buckle-way-utility sports-vest-shy

755-What do these words have in common? ombudsman-rutabaga-orienteering (the sport)

756- Discern the convergent words: gold-story-silver heaven-tied-wash avoid-orange-soup

757-What do these words have in common? audio-vetoed-oaken

758-Discern the convergent words: ability-atlantic-cape melt-salad-sandwich hip-cottage-pizza

759-What do these words have in common? donnybrook-jeans-millinery

760- Discern the convergent words: running-walking-slum red-away-grey frog-red-dog

761-What do these words have in common? mammoth-Aleutian-samoyed

762- Discern the convergent words: unused-green-breath grey-guitar-sea milk-oil-shell

763-What do these words have in common? pagan-raving-align

764- Discern the convergent words: root-soup-stick knife-pepper-cheese bread-grass-whiskey

765-Name a 4 word palindromic phrase that could describe humor at the White House Correspondents' Dinner

766- Discern the convergent words: up-maker-down blue-car-rain rack-sack-pea

:767-What do these words have in common? roust-raising-garage

768- Discern the convergent words: fat-garden-soup brandy-state-tree boy-nut-money

769- Name a 2 word palindromic phrase that describes an arid exploring admiral

770- Discern the convergent words: bill-saber-water hill-station-sting black-dive-sea

771-Name a 2 word anagrammatic phrase that means shortstop atheist

772- Discern the convergent words: condition-disease-hyper picking-gay-blue bet-bone-to

773-What do these words have in common? cootie-cassowary-amok

774-Di-Discern the convergent wordsscern the convergent words:beat-eye-sing flash-out-saddle golden-watering-candy

775-What do these words have in common? cheroot-pariah-catamaran-mulligatawny

776-Discern the convergent words:aired-wife-fin hop-tape-thwart bread-grass-whiskey

777-What do these words have in common? stage-location-car-comment-ours

778-Discern the convergent words:cargo-sweat-bossy hit-buckle-way shop-trade-fox

779-Name a Mideast country that is found in the non border are of a European capital

780-Discern the convergent words:up-drums-led complain-by-stone cigarette-back-dung

781-Name 2 words of at least 9 letters where every letters appears in the 2nd half of alphabet

782-Discern the convergent words:money-monkey-line land-bar-girl old-pole-salad-

783-What do these words have in common? basement-intuit- hideouts

784-Discern the convergent words: away-per-wood sour-store-sauce holy-hole-fire

785-Name a 2 word anagrammatic phrase that means tolerant touchy feely writing

786-Discern the convergent words:green-nut-sweet ration-house-imp top-cake-juice

787-What do these 9 lettered words have in common? divergent-broadside-shuddered-rehearsal

788-Discern the convergent words:pond-old-table Irish-mug-break cutter-smart-jar

789-Name a 2 word anagrammatic phrase that means large but slender ice mass

790-Discern the convergent words:bump-iron-pump grease-guard-nudge tease-cage-eye

791What do these words have in common? thus-ruby-continent

792-Discern the convergent words:bucking-radio-need pie-belly-salt back-Canadian-sandwich

793-What do these words have in common? rigid-spoonfed-shift

794 Discern the convergent words: radish-gift-collar book-hole-ear kin-skin-stones

795-Name a 2 word palindromic phrase that refers to a museum of slime

796 -Discern the convergent words:ice-ring-bag shed-color-bridge wood-corn-away

797-Name a 2 word anagrammatic phrase that means slandering of women by men

798-Discern the convergent words: horse-over-print bicycle-crash-safety fancy-under-long

799-Name a 2 word anagrammatic phrase that means students make mistakes

800 -Discern the convergent words:uncle-bot-a skin-bell-dog paper-shark-Tamil

Thursday, July 3, 2014



Instructions for Convergent Word Pzzles

Each convergent word puzzle feature three words and your task is to think of a single word that is a synonym to the answer or that can form a compound word or phrase or can be the first or last part of a single word. So if the clues were sea-medal-hearted, the answer would be lion as it makes sea lion medallion and lion-hearted. s Each puzzle will feature three sets of words with three words. In each case, there will be a theme each day and you will have to decide which of these three themes is applicable: animals, food & beverage, body parts

701-Name a 2 word palindromic phrase that refers to an Irish eagle nest

702-Discern the convergent words:app-worm-nest orange-less-cold fiber-audacity-optic

703-Name a 2 word anagrammatic phrase that refers to maritime hard drug

704-Discern the convergent words:snake-halt-ire away-flying-grey love-tail-plunged

705-What do thse words have in common? align-figuring-garner

706-Discern the convergent words:fault-fall-wrong candy-let-one alive-tight-game

707-Name a 2 word palindromic phrase that refers to a primate parent

708 Discern the convergent words:brain-chick-coat red-root-sugar green-ring-soup

709-Name a 2 word anagrammatic phrase that refers to more sickly sea robbers

710 Discern the convergent words:brake-cart-stage end-store-forty sore-smash-bad

711-Name a 2 word palindromic phrase that means PESTER A HEATHEN

712-Discern the convergent words:deer-up-brooms sky-spree-wood busy-ping-wax

713-Name a 3 word palindromic phrase that means IMHO 3.1416 IS BETTER

714-Discern the convergent words:fox-grey-harass catcher-dirty-lab ball-pea-poppy

715-Name a 3 word palindromic phrase that means PAST POEMS LOSE POWER

716-Discern the convergent words:like-woman-call bite-eyes-water fever-mimic-fish

717-Name a 4 word palindromic phrase that explains why the owl made no sound

718-Discern the convergent words:head-soup-fool ear-arm-store sailor-rock-away

719-Name a 3 word palindromic phrase that means CIRCUS PERFORMERS ATTACK KILLER WHALE

720-Discern the convergent words:horse-house-weight trench-fire-farm super-annoy-bear

721-What do thse words have in common?runway-version-pizza

722-Discern the convergent words:ball-be-tree legs-grouse-king fish-petroleum-bean

723- Name a 2 word palindromic phrase that means look at a lunatic

724-Discern the convergent words:feathers-feed-gift boy-on-hit skin-slayer-tick

725-Name a 3 word palindromic phrase that means DIRECTED NEBRASKA POSER

726-Discern the convergent words: over- i- sport over-elevator-box up-code-over

727-Name a 2 word anagrammatic phrase that means trial in Texan city

728-Discern the convergent words:my-wall-London war-on-god full-head-nine

729-What do thse words have in common? candid-carer-gnome

730-Discern the convergent words:bowl-blow-net bowl-shack-brown sweet-bread-a

731-What do thse words have in common?alabaster-divergent-mistiness

732-Discern the convergent words:are-pro-ate American-eye-legal bell-black-skin

733-Name a 3 word palindromic phrase that means RULE FROM MOROCCAN CITY

734-Discern the convergent words:wet-yourself-birthday priest-less-sister air-fire-rubber

735-Name a 2 word palindromic phrase that means boring American investment

736-Discern the convergent words:audacity-bone-insolence awn-less-grey id-service-up

737-Name a 3 word palindromic phrase that means LIBERATED MINORITY

738-Discern the convergent words:trench-hill-defend foot-infected-willow bag-circus-market

739-Discern the convergent words: ERECTED UNUSUAL WATER BARRIER

740- Discern the convergent words:wood-don-pie machine-maker-mug cold-eye-ice

741-Name a 2 word anagrammatic phrase that means holy trees

742-Discern the convergent words:man-rape-up nuts-root-small grey-guitar-sea

743-Name a 2 word palindromic phrase that means changed machine part alt

744-Discern the convergent words: or-ping-up dish-raisin-died plant-raw-roll

745-Name a 3 word palindromic phrase that means ALWAYS ODD

746- Discern the convergent words: eye-hounds-some bend-wounded-cap read-id-fat

747--What do thse words have in common? crocodilian-insolent-steeliness-unfortunately

748-Discern the convergent words:cold-colored-thrash tea-black-garden box-brand-breakfast

749-What do these words have in common? adjudicant-microbeer-briefly

750-Discern the convergent words: hush-love-mill run-wild -jack pea-up-hay